Free Basic Education is guaranteed by the government in State Owned Institutions to all the citizens. Education in Kyrgyzstan is compulsory for the children of 9 years; which includes 4 years of primary education( Age 6-10) and 5 years in secondary school (Age 10-15). It is mandatory that every child completes 9 grades of school and get a certificate of completion. Qualified individuals are offered free education at the Secondary specialized, Vocational,  and higher levels. To become a graduate, Students must finish the 11-year school course and pass 4 compulsory state exams in History, Maths, Writing and a Foreign Language.

The reforms and fundamentals of post-Soviet Education were set out in the 1992 Law on Education, which established the Ministry of Education as the central administrative body of the National System. The Ministry is responsible for developing Curriculum, developing certification examinations, setting National Standards and Educational Policy, and awarding degrees. The ministry is classified into several divisions for General Education, Higher Education, and material support.

The education system in Kyrgyzstan includes Primary Education, Middle Education, Secondary Education, Vocational education, and Tertiary education (Undergraduate, Graduate and Doctorate). It follows 5 point grading system.

  • Primary Education

Education in Kyrgyzstan is compulsory until grade 9; basic education provided at the state institutions is free of cost. Primary education is of 4 years from Age 6 to 9.

  • Middle Education

It is a basic secondary education consist of 5 years. After this, the student can make a choice to go for Secondary education or prepare for its first job.  

  • Secondary Education

The first of 2 years of secondary school are also compulsory. Although many students skip this chance. There are three streams for education- general secondary school, specialized secondary school, and vocational/technical school.

  • Vocational Education

At the age of 15, after completing the lower level of secondary education, a student can begin his/her vocational studies. To ease the transition to a new emerging socio-economic environment the government is investing a huge amount in ongoing adult education.

  • Tertiary Education

The Tertiary education is classified into 3 parts- Undergraduate, Graduate and Doctorate. Higher education in Kyrgyzstan consists of 5-6 years.  The undergraduate is of 4 years awarding students a bachelor degree. The graduate is of 1 year if you completed the Bachelor degree program or 5-6 years to complete higher education program offering a Masters degree. The doctorate is of 3 years after you will be a PhD holder or Graduate Teaching or a Doctorate. Academies, Institutes, Higher colleges and Tertiary Universities; provides undergraduate and graduate programs.

Grading System

Kyrgyzstan follows a 5 point grading system. Professors or Teachers or Lecturers, enter grades into an official book, which is carried by every student called ‘Zachotka’ in Russian. Students then display these books to potential employers and universities.

Grade Grade description Notes
5 Excellent (Excellent) Highest possible grade
4 (Good) A passing grade
3 Satisfactory (Satisfactory) Lowest passing grade
2 Is not satisfactory (Unsatisfactory) Not a passing grade
1 Most are not satisfactory (Most Unsatisfactory) Not a passing grade; uncommon