EDUCATION SYSTEM IN KYRGYZSTAN
Soviet guarantee of Free Basic Education at State Institutions to all citizens, Education is compulsory through grade nine. Free education at the Vocational, Secondary specialized and higher levels also continue to be offered by the state to qualified individuals. The fundamentals of post-Soviet Education policy were enumerated in the 1992 law on education, which established the Ministry of Education as the central administrative body of the National System.
The Ministry is responsible for developing Curriculum, setting National Standards and Educational Policy, developing certification examinations, and awarding degrees. The ministry is divided into several departments for General Education, Higher Education, and material support. Below the Ministry Level, the Education hierarchy includes the six provinces and the separate city of Bishkek, representatives from each of which provide input to the Ministry on local conditions. The level of basic local Administration is the district (rayon), where the district Education officer hires faculty and appoints school inspectors and methodology specialists.
The school system in Kyrgyzstan includes primary (grades 1 to 4) and secondary (grades 5 to 11 (or sometimes 12) divisions within one school. Children’s are usually accepted to primary schools at the age of 7. It is required that every child finishes 9 grades of school and receives a certificate of completion. Grades 10–11 are optional, but it is necessary to complete them to graduate and receive a state-accredited school diploma. To graduate, Student must complete the 11-year school course and pass 4 mandatory state exams in Writing, Maths, History and a Foreign Language.
There are 77 public schools in Bishkek (capital city) and more than 200 in the rest of the country. There are 55 higher Educational Institutions and Universities in Kyrgyzstan, out of which 37 are State Institutions.